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GRAMÁTICA INGLESA: verbo ser/estar - to be
Gramática inglesa verbo ser/estar to be

El verbo ser/estar en inglés se traduce con TO BE.

  • Forma AFIRMATIVA: Soggetto + TO BE + complemento (Es: Mark is American.)
  • Forma NEGATIVA: Soggetto + TO BE + NOT + complemento (Es: Mark is not American.)
  • Forma INTERROGATIVA: TO BE + soggetto + complemento (Es: Is Mark American?)
  • Forma INTERROGATIVA-NEGATIVA: forma reducida di BE/ NOT+ sujeto + complemento (Ej: Isn't Mark American?).

Simple Present


FORMA LARGA

Afirmativa Negativa Interrogativa Interrogativa
Negativa
I am I am not Am I...? Am I not...?
You are You are not Are you...? Are you not...?
He is He is not Is he...? Is he not...?
We are We are not Are we...? Are we not...?
You are You are not Are you...? Are you not...?
They are They are not Are they...? Are they not...?

FORMA REDUCIDA

Afirmativa Negativa 1 Negativa 2 Interrogativa
negativa
I'm I'm not Aren't I...?
You're You're not You aren't Aren’t you…?
He’s not He isn’t
We are We are not Are we...? Are we not...?
You are You are not Are you...? Are you not...?
She’s not She isn’t Isn’t he…?
He’s It’s not It isn’t
She’s Isn’t she…?
It’s Isn’t it…?
We’re We’re not We aren’t Aren’t we…?
You’re You’re not You aren’t Aren’t you…?
They’re They’re not They aren’t Aren’t they…?

¡Atención! La forma larga viene usada principalmente en la lengua escrita. La forma reducida de Am I not...? usada en el hablar es Aren’t I...?




Simple Past


Simple Past

Afirmativa Negativa Interrogativa Interrogativa
Negativa
I am I am not Am I...? Am I not...?
I was I was not Was I...? Was I not…?
You were You were not Were you…? Were you not…?
He was He was not Was he…? Was he not…?
She was She was not Was she…? Was she not…?
It was It was not Was it…? Was it not…?
We were We were not Were we…? Were we not…?
You were You were not Were you…? Were you not…?
They were They were not Were they…? Were they not…?

FORMA REDUCIDA

Negativa Interrogativa
negativa
I wasn't Wasn't I...?
You weren’t Weren’t you…?
He wasn’t Wasn’t he…?
She wasn’t Wasn’t she…?
It wasn’t Wasn’t it…?
We weren’t Weren’t we…?
You weren’t Weren’t you…?
They weren’t Weren’t they…?

El Past Participle de TO BE es been (“estado”).

 
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